Face mask and hygiene advice

Fundamental hygiene measures are crucial way to stop the spread of infections, together with the 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19). Primary hygiene measures include:

hand hygiene – that is, washing arms often with cleaning soap and water, or cleansing with hand sanitiser

staying at home if you are sick

coughing or sneezing right into a tissue or your elbow after which performing hand hygiene

cleaning surfaces regularly.

Using personal protective equipment (PPE), akin to face masks can reduce the spread of infection when used correctly and within the appropriate context. This may be really useful in workplaces where individuals are more likely to come in contact with the disease.

Use of face masks

For most individuals in the community, PPE similar to face masks should not recommended. Nevertheless, for folks with signs of an acute respiratory infection, the WHO recommends that there could also be benefit in wearing a face masks to reduce the spread of infection to different people.

The best way to accurately wear and remove a face masks

If you are unwell or have a job which requires you to be in close contact with people who might have coronavirus, it is strongly recommended you utilize a face mask. It will be important that face masks are worn and removed correctly. Masks should fit snugly and absolutely cover your nose and mouth.

The way to wear a masks:

wash arms with soap and water or use hand sanitiser

place over nostril, mouth and chin

fit versatile nose piece over nostril bridge

secure on head with ties or elastic

adjust to fit – safe on your head, fitting snugly round your face with no gaps

keep away from touching or adjusting your mask during use.

Learn how to remove a mask:

wash hands with soap and water or use hand sanitiser

keep away from touching the entrance of the mask

if the masks has ties, untie the underside, then top tie

remove from face

discard, do not use once more

wash palms with soap and water or use hand sanitiser immediately.

Use of PPE in the workplace

Workplaces where people can maintain more than 2 metres contact distance from individuals with potential COVID19 symptoms – Facemasks and gloves are usually not recommended.

Examples of these workplaces embody – education facilities, pharmacies, shops

Individuals who, due to the nature of their job, may be unable to keep up more than 2 metres contact distance from individuals with potential COVID19 signs – facemasks and gloves are recommended when this contact is likely to occur.

Examples of these workplaces embody – Police, prison employees, customs workers

These recommendations are a guide only and workplace settings not listed in the table ought to consider their ability to keep up the two metres rule and use the table to tell their use of PPE. Basically, surgical/medical masks stop the dispersal of droplets by an infected patient and the inhalation of droplets if within 2 metres of a coughing individual.

Hand hygiene and cough / sneeze etiquette (maintain distance, cover coughs and sneezes with disposable tissues and wash arms) can have a bigger impact.