Face mask and hygiene advice

Primary hygiene measures are a very powerful way to stop the spread of infections, including the 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19). Fundamental hygiene measures include:

hand hygiene – that is, washing palms frequently with soap and water, or cleansing with hand sanitiser

staying at residence in case you are sick

coughing or sneezing right into a tissue or your elbow after which performing hand hygiene

cleaning surfaces regularly.

The usage of personal protective equipment (PPE), similar to face masks can reduce the spread of an infection when used appropriately and in the appropriate context. This may be really helpful in workplaces the place persons are more prone to come in contact with the disease.

Use of face masks

For most people locally, PPE such as face masks should not recommended. Nevertheless, for individuals with signs of an acute respiratory infection, the WHO recommends that there could also be benefit in wearing a face masks to reduce the spread of an infection to different people.

The way to correctly wear and remove a face mask

In case you are unwell or have a job which requires you to be in shut contact with individuals who might have coronavirus, it’s endorsed you employ a face mask. It will be important that face masks are worn and removed correctly. Masks should fit snugly and absolutely cover your nose and mouth.

How you can wear a masks:

wash arms with soap and water or use hand sanitiser

place over nose, mouth and chin

fit versatile nostril piece over nostril bridge

secure on head with ties or elastic

adjust to fit – secure in your head, fitting snugly round your face with no gaps

avoid touching or adjusting your masks during use.

The best way to remove a mask:

wash fingers with soap and water or use hand sanitiser

keep away from touching the entrance of the mask

if the mask has ties, untie the bottom, then top tie

remove from face

discard, don’t use once more

wash palms with cleaning soap and water or use hand sanitiser immediately.

Use of PPE in the workplace

Workplaces the place individuals can preserve more than 2 metres contact distance from people with potential COVID19 signs – Facemasks and gloves aren’t recommended.

Examples of these workplaces embrace – training facilities, pharmacies, stores

Individuals who, as a result of nature of their job, could also be unable to take care of more than 2 metres contact distance from individuals with potential COVID19 signs – facemasks and gloves are beneficial when this contact is more likely to occur.

Examples of those workplaces embrace – Police, prison employees, customs workers

These suggestions are a guide only and workplace settings not listed within the table ought to consider their ability to keep up the two metres rule and use the table to inform their use of PPE. On the whole, surgical/medical masks stop the dispersal of droplets by an infected patient and the inhalation of droplets if within 2 metres of a coughing individual.

Hand hygiene and cough / sneeze etiquette (keep distance, cover coughs and sneezes with disposable tissues and wash hands) will have a bigger impact.